Oracle if inserting or updating then
to ensure that necessary data goes into the table, in some cases allowing the application layer to omit the information from their queries, and in some cases forcing that it be present.The actions that I need to do on my -- Scenario 1 CREATE OR REPLACE TRIGGER my_trg BEFORE INSERT OR UPDATE ON my_table FOR EACH ROW BEGIN IF UPDATING THEN IF : NEW.my_col IS NULL THEN raise_application_error(...); END IF; IF : NEW.my_col2 IS NULL THEN : NEW.my_col2 := (...); END IF; END IF; IF INSERTING THEN IF : NEW.my_col3 IS NULL THEN SELECT my_seq.Because the trigger uses the clause, it might be executed multiple times, such as when updating or deleting multiple rows.You might omit this clause if you just want to record the fact that the operation occurred, but not examine the data for each row.
If you need to determine if the value is changing, you'll still need to code comparison logic for :old and :new values.CREATE OR REPLACE TRIGGER my_test_trg BEFORE INSERT OR UPDATE OR DELETE ON my_table FOR EACH ROW BEGIN -- Flags are booleans and can be used in any branching construct. If you need some code to perform an operation that needs to commit, regardless of the current transaction, you should put it in a stored procedure defined as an autonomous transaction, shown here.CASE WHEN INSERTING THEN -- Include any code specific for when the trigger is fired from an INSERT. WHEN UPDATING THEN -- Include any code specific for when the trigger is fired from an UPDATE. WHEN DELETING THEN -- Include any code specific for when the trigger is fired from a DELETE. DML triggers have four basic timing points for a single table. With the exception of Compound Triggers, the triggers for the individual timing points are self contained and can't automatically share state or variable information.create table Employee( 2 ID VARCHAR2(4 BYTE) NOT NULL, 3 First_Name VARCHAR2(10 BYTE), 4 Last_Name VARCHAR2(10 BYTE), 5 Start_Date DATE, 6 End_Date DATE, 7 Salary Number(8,2), 8 City VARCHAR2(10 BYTE), 9 Description VARCHAR2(15 BYTE) 10 ) 11 / Table created.SQL select * from Employee 2 / ID FIRST_NAME LAST_NAME START_DAT END_DATE SALARY CITY DESCRIPTION ---- -------------------- -------------------- --------- --------- ---------- ---------- --------------- 01 Jason Martin 25-JUL-96 25-JUL-06 1234.56 Toronto Programmer 02 Alison Mathews 21-MAR-76 21-FEB-86 6661.78 Vancouver Tester 03 James Smith 12-DEC-78 15-MAR-90 6544.78 Vancouver Tester 04 Celia Rice 24-OCT-82 21-APR-99 2344.78 Vancouver Manager 05 Robert Black 15-JAN-84 08-AUG-98 2334.78 Vancouver Tester 06 Linda Green 30-JUL-87 04-JAN-96 4322.78 New York Tester 07 David Larry 31-DEC-90 12-FEB-98 7897.78 New York Manager 08 James Cat 17-SEP-96 15-APR-02 1232.78 Vancouver Tester 8 rows selected.